phrygians and phrygia - main logo
phrygia menu
International site French site
phrygia home page
phrygians - articles


phrygians - articles Chronology
phrygians - maps Maps
phrygia and phrygians discussion board Photo Gallery
phrygia and phrygians discussion board
test your knowledge of phrygia
about me
links to Phrygian sites
Email me
Back to Articles


The funerary use

Mainly three types of burial were found in Phrygia. They correspond to different periods and different social level. The first two types, tumulus and rock-cut tombs, imply that the deceased was wealthy. The third type, cremations, could be used by poorer persons but few of them have been found and the image of funerary uses in Phrygia remains incomplete.

Some cremations exist at Gordion and Boğazköy in the 7th – 6th c. But their number is very small and cannot represent the whole number of the deceased. The other tombs still remain to be found.

Rock-cut tombs are found at Beyköy and at Midas City but mostly in the valley of the Kohnuş. All these tombs are generally composed of a simple façade, without decoration and a small entrance, approximately squared (80cm each side). Inside, there is usually a simple rectangular room covered by a pitched ceiling. This kind of tombs last for several centuries without great changes. Therefore it is difficult to give a precise date. But they can have been made between the 8th and the 3rd c. BC.

The most impressing kind of Phrygian tomb is without doubt the tumulus. It is a square room, without access (=dromos), made of beams of wood (mostly juniper) and stone, then covered by an enormous amount of rubble and earth, making the elevation of the tumulus. The deceased is lying on a bed. Many objects are given : fibulae (=brooches), vases, furniture, tapestries, but little weapons and no gold. Dates of tumuli can be determined with confidence because of the richness of the material remains. It goes from the 8th c. to the 3rd c. BC. Tumuli are found mostly around Gordion and Ankara.

Midas Mound at Godion
Picture Credits: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology



Back to Articles